Bonded Warehouse Act
By authority of the United States, be it enacted by the Philippine Commission, that:
Section 1. This Act shall be known by the short title of “BONDED WAREHOUSE ACT.”
Section 2. As used in this Act, the term “warehouse” shall be deemed to mean every building, structure, or other protected inclosure in which rice is kept for storage. The term “rice” shall be deemed to mean either palay in bundles, or in grains, or clean rice, or both. “Person” including corporation or partnership or two or more persons having joint or common interest; “warehouseman” means a person engaged in the business receiving rice for storage; and “receipt” means any receipt issued by a warehouseman for rice delivered to him. For the purpose of this Act, the business of receiving rice for storage shall include (1) any contract or transaction wherein the warehouseman is obligated to return the very same rice delivered to him or pay its value;(2) any contract or transaction wherein the rice delivered is to be milled for and on account of the owner thereof; (3) any contract or transaction wherein the rice delivered is commingled with the rice delivered by or belonging to other persons and the warehouseman is obligated to return the rice of the same kind or pay its value.
Section 3. No person shall engage in the business of receiving rice for storage without first securing a license therefore from the Director of the Bureau of Commerce and Industry. Said license shall be annual and shall expire on the thirty-first day of December.
Section 4. Any person applying for a license to engage in the business of receiving rice for storage shall set forth in the application the place or places where the business and warehouse are to be established or located and the maximum quantity of rice to be received. The application shall be accompanied by a cash bond or a bond secured by real estate or signed by a duly authorized bonding company, the amount of which shall be fixed by the Director of the Bureau of Commerce and Industry at not less than thirty-three and one third percent of the market value of the maximum quantity or rice to be received. Said bond shall be so conditioned as to respond for the market value of the rice actually delivered and received at any time the warehouseman is unable to return the rice or to pay its value. The bond shall be approved by the Director of the Bureau of Commerce and Industry before issuing a license under this Act, to satisfy himself concerning the sufficiency of such bond, and to determine whether the warehouse for which such license is applied for is suitable for the proper storage of rice.
Section 5. Whenever the Director of the Bureau of Commerce and Industry shall determine that a bond approved by him, is or any cause, has become insufficient, he may require an additional bond or bonds to be given by the warehouseman concerned, conforming with the requirements of the preceding section, and unless the same be given within the time fixed by a written demand therefor the license of such warehouse may be suspended or revoked.
Section 6. Every person licensed under this Act to engage in the business of receiving rice for storage shall insure the rice so received and stored against fire.
Section 7. Any person injured by the breach of any obligation to secure which a bond is given, under the provisions of this Act, shall be entitled to sue on the bond in his own name in any court of competent jurisdiction to recover the damages he may have sustained by such breach. Nothing contained herein shall except any property of assets of any warehouseman from being sued on in case the bond given is not sufficient to respond for the full market value of the rice received by such warehouseman.
Section 8. Every warehouseman licensed under this Act shall receive for storage, so far as his license and the capacity of his warehouse permit, any rice, of the kind customarily stored therein by him, which may be tendered to him in a suitable condition for warehousing, in the usual manner and in the ordinary and usual course of business, without making any discrimination between persons desiring to avail themselves of warehouse facilities.
Section 9. Every warehouseman licensed under this Act shall keep a complete record of the rice received by him, of the receipts issued therefor of the withdrawals, of the liquidations and of all receipts returned to and cancelled by him. He shall make reports to the Director of Bureau of Commerce and Industry concerning his warehouse and the conditions, contents, operations, and business thereof in such form and at such time as the said Director may require, and shall conduct said warehouse in all other respects in compliance with this Act and the rules and regulations made in accordance therewith.
Section 10. The Director of Bureau of Commerce and Industry shall from time to time make such rules and regulations as he may deem necessary for the efficient execution of the provisions of this Act.
Section 11. Any person engaging in the business of receiving rice for storage in violation of Section three of this Act shall be deemed guilty of misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by imprisonment of not less than one month or by a fine of not more than five thousand pesos, or both, in the discretion of the court.
Section 12. Any warehouseman licensed under this Act receiving a quantity of rice greater than that specified in his application and license, shall, upon conviction, be fined double the market value of the rice so received in excess of the quantity of rice he is authorized to receive.
Section 13. Any person entering into connivance or combination with any warehouseman that is not licensed under this Act, with the purpose of evading the provisions of section three of this Act, shall be deemed guilty of misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than two hundred pesos or imprisonment for not more than one months, or both, in the discretion of the court.
Section 14. The Director of the Bureau of Commerce and Industry may, after opportunity for hearing has been afforded to the license concerned, suspend or revoke any license issued to any warehouseman, conducting a warehouse under this Act, for any violation or failure to comply with any provision of this Act or of the rules and regulations made by virtue thereof.
Section 15. This Act shall not be applicable to cooperative marketing associations of rice producers organized under Act Numbered Three Thousand Four Hundred and Twenty-five known as the “Cooperative Marketing Law,” provided such associations shall not receive, for storage, rice from non-members which is greater in quantity than one-half of the total quantity of rice received from members, at any time.
Section 16. If any clause, sentence, or paragraph, or part of this Act shall, for any reason, be adjusted by any court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, such judgment shall not affect, impair, or invalidate the remainder thereof, but shall be confined in his operation to the clause, sentence, paragraph or part thereof directly involved in the controversy in which such judgment shall have been rendered.
Section 17. This Act shall take effect on January First, nineteen hundred and thirty-two.